Artificial intelligence: What is it? What are the most prominent manifestations?
The term “artificial intelligence” has become so widely used these days that some people fear that it may mean the control of machines and the decay of the role of humans, although the reality is still far from approaching this perception, what artificial intelligence? What are the most prominent manifestations? And where did he develop.Artificial intelligence is defined as the intelligence shown by machines and programs to mimic human mental abilities and modes of action, such as the ability to learn, infer and react to situations that have not been programmed into the machine, and the name of an academic field on how to make computers and programs capable of intelligent behavior.
Senior researchers define artificial intelligence as “the study and design of intelligent systems that absorb their environment and take actions that increase their chances of success.” John McCarthy, who developed the term in 1955, defines it as “the science and geometry of making intelligent machines.”In recent years, the evolution of artificial intelligence has jumped. Deep learning is the most prominent manifestation. It is based on the development of artificial neural networks that mimic how the human brain works, that is, it can experiment and learn and develop itself without human intervention.
Deep Learning has proven its ability to recognize images, understand speech and translate from one language to another, and other capabilities that have enticed US companies in the Silicon Valley, specifically Facebook and Google, to invest and intensify research, ignoring warnings that the development of artificial intelligence may threaten Humanity.Physician Hawking is one of the most famous of the dangers of artificial intelligence and the ability of machines to redesign themselves
In December 2014, renowned physicist Stephen Hawking noted that the development of full artificial intelligence could pave the way for human annihilation, warning that machines could redesign themselves.
The founder and former president of Microsoft Bill Gates last year said he wanted the robots to remain rather stupid. “I’m in a camp who is worried about supernatural intelligence,” he said.
In October 2015, American inventor and inventor Alon Mosk described artificial intelligence as one of the greatest threats to human existence, and likened the development of intelligent machines to the “evocation of the devil.”MOSC (founder of the SpaceSpace commercial rocket project, Tesla electric cars) and others are investing millions of dollars in research into the potential risks of artificial intelligence and how to deal with it.Despite the human appearance of some human robots, they are still “dumb” according to artificial intelligence measures (Reuters)
On the other hand, some experts believe that artificial intelligence techniques will not pose any risks to the human race. These include the professor of computer science at the University of Montreal, Canada, Yoshua Bingheo, who believes that smart technologies should not be concerned; they need many years of slow and gradual development before Up to the extent that analysts fear, because they are based on the development of science and ideas are still in their early beginnings now.
Pingui says that access to artificial intelligence in its expected form will not be surprising, not like some of the discovery of a miraculous magic recipe as he put it, the production of integrated artificial intelligence systems need to develop current science and the creation of new science, that is – Scientists have clever technology that will change the world overnight, as in science fiction movies.
Alago, based on deep learning technology, can defeat the world in the complex Go game
On the other hand, artificial intelligence techniques are developing very rapidly and becoming more complex every year. The researcher specializing in artificial intelligence at Google and the University of Toronto, Geoffrey Hinton, believes that machines will equate humans with intelligence in five years from now.
Hinton is behind the development of Google’s smart program, Alago, which defeated the world champion in Go, but he does not think we have to fear artificial intelligence, because any new technology may be scary if it is misused, he said, and the issue is how we deal With technology that does not make them harmful to humans.
Google and Facebook are leaders in the field of artificial intelligence technology. This technology helps Google to develop its services significantly. For example, thanks to this technology, the Android phone can understand user orders, interpret words written in foreign languages on signs on the roads, Google’s search engine, the company’s flagship product.For Facebook, deep social network learning lets you recognize faces in images, choose the right content, display the user on the latest news page, support Facebook’s PDA, and other functions.
“The era of smartphones is nearing an end to artificial intelligence that provides immediate access to the necessary information,” says Facebook founder and chief executive Mark Zuckerberg. “Artificial intelligence devices will someday enjoy human senses such as vision and feeling more than Humans themselves.